6 Different Types of Air Conditioners-An Exclusive Buying Guide 2020

People who live in places where the summers can be extremely unpleasant know how beneficial investing in a good air conditioning system is. They help cool our homes and create a comfortable environment for us. They also improve the air quality in the house and prevent pollution. The first air conditioning system was invented by Willis Carrier back in 1902. Then it was just a system that absorbed heat in the air and blew freezing air through cold coiled pipes to bring down the ambient temperature. Since then, air conditioning systems have become an integral part of our lives. Till a few decades back, it was considered to be a luxury appliance, but it is becoming more of necessity without which it can be difficult to get through the harsh summers. Today, you can find different types of air conditioners in the market to suit the needs and the budget of all people. Here is a guide to the most common air conditioning systems available in the market today –

Central Air Conditioners

The central air conditioner system is a system where there is a constant supply and return of airflow in a closed space. Cool air flows from the system through ducts installed in a designated area. When the air in the space becomes warm, it flows back into the ducts. This type of air conditioner helps maintain the right temperature throughout the house. But, the system also uses a large amount of energy in case several rooms are involved. If you have a large number of rooms in your house where individual air conditioning units are not feasible, central air conditioners are an ideal alternative. But, they need proper planning, and you need the help of a professional to install it correctly.  

Ductless, Mini-Split Air Conditioners

Ductless, mini-split systems contain two systems. The first one is an outdoor condenser unit, and the other is a blower unit that is installed indoors in places that you want to cool. Both these systems are connected via conduits. These can easily be used in homes and buildings where there is no room for a duct system. The main advantage of such a system is that they can be used to cool different rooms of the house at different temperatures.    

Window Air Conditioners

Window air conditioners are quite popular because of their simplicity and ease of use. These are mounted on windows or walls and are just one unit that consists of all the different components. The front part of the air conditioner facing the room blows cool air into the room, while the outdoor part releases the absorbed heat to the atmosphere. The front side of the window unit can be manually or digitally controlled. They also contain adjustable louvers to allow you to control the direction of the airflow.

Portable Air Conditioners

Portable air conditioners are a self-contained form of window air conditioners. These have all their components packed in one appliance. These are greatly used in places where building rules or the design of a particular room do not allow the installation of a window or split air conditioners. The unit will take the warm air from the room and cool it down before directing it back into the room. It pushes the warm air to the outside through an exhaust hose installed near a window. These are generally designed to be used for smaller spaces only.   

Hybrid Air Conditioner

Hybrid air conditioning systems will use fossil fuels and electricity to help you save energy consumption and lower your bills. During summers, the heat pump will pull heat from your home and cool it. During winters, the hybrid system will automatically work in reverse by pulling heat from the outside and blowing it into your home. 

Geothermal Heating and Cooling Air Conditioners

Geothermal heating and cooling air conditioners are the newest and energy-efficient technology that is fast gaining popularity. Our earth has insulating properties, and it is the reason why it maintains a temperature of about 55 degrees Fahrenheit no matter what the temperature is outside. Geothermal air conditioners use the ground temperature to cool homes. Such air conditioners cool and heat our homes during summers and winters, respectively, by simply transferring the heat to and from the ground using a polyethylene piping system. The system does not need any fossil fuels and can run on electrical power.  

Factors to Consider Before Buying an Air Conditioning System

The type of air conditioner you select is just one of the factors that you need to consider when buying an air conditioner. Since buying an air conditioner is a major investment, there are some crucial factors that you need to consider to help you select the best one based on your needs –

  • Cost – The cost of an air conditioner will depend on the type of conditioner you choose. Even then, you will find them in different price ranges depending on their capacity and energy efficiency. You will also need to take into account the installation charges when deciding which air conditioner would be perfect. 
  • Capacity – You need to consider the size of the room where you need to install the air conditioner to ensure that it is able to cool the room efficiently. The right capacity of the air conditioner will allow you to save on energy bills and also use the system optimally.
  • Energy-Efficient – With the energy bills rising over the roof, it is wise to invest in energy-efficient air conditioners. They use less energy and cool your home much faster. The higher the star rating, the lesser energy it will consume. 
  • Installation – Not all types of air conditioners will be apt for your house. Some are easy to install; others need the help of a professional to do it correctly. Thus, you need to consider the type of your house, and your needs to pick the right air conditioner.

Apart from the above, there are other factors that you need to keep in mind, such as the blower size, fire safety, easy to clean filters, inverter technology, and more.